Case report

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In medicine, case reports are a type of article in a scientific journal that are "clinical presentations that may be followed by evaluative studies that eventually lead to a diagnosis."[1]Publication of case reports allow "discovery of new diseases and unexpected effects (adverse or beneficial) as well as the study of mechanisms."[2] The importance of case reports has been debated.[3][4]

Suggestions for reporting cases exist.[5][6]

Some scientific journals, such as BMJ Case Reports, only publish case reports.


  1. Anonymous (2022), Case report (English). Medical Subject Headings. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  2. Vandenbroucke JP (2001). "In defense of case reports and case series.". Ann Intern Med 134 (4): 330-4. PMID 11182844.
  3. Sethi NK, Sethi PK (2008). "Evidence-based medicine vs medicine-based evidence.". Ann Neurol 64 (5): 592. DOI:10.1002/ana.21354. PMID 18350575. Research Blogging.
  4. Anonymous (2007) The Value of a Case Report. Ann Neurology DOI:10.1002/ana.21278
  5. Edwards IR, Aronson JK (2000). "Adverse drug reactions: definitions, diagnosis, and management.". Lancet 356 (9237): 1255-9. DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(00)02799-9. PMID 11072960. Research Blogging.
  6. Loke YK, Price D, Derry S, Aronson JK (2006). "Case reports of suspected adverse drug reactions--systematic literature survey of follow-up.". BMJ 332 (7537): 335-9. DOI:10.1136/bmj.38701.399942.63. PMID 16421149. PMC PMC1363912. Research Blogging.